The history of Magirus Deutz
|In the year 1864 Conrad Dietrich Magirus,
whose ancestor had the name
Kock, changed to the Latin form of the Greek word Mageiros for cook (Koch),
founded in Ulm the "fire-extinguishing equipment
factory C D Magirus". This took up 1916 the
development and the building of trucks and leaned 1936
closely against the Kloeckner Humboldt Deutz company
At the end of on 1974 Magirus was sold from the KHD, for being a part of the IVECO Holding created by KHD and FIAT, from which company KHD however 1980 withdrew itself. Soon thereafter disappeared also the Magirus logo. the cathedral of Ulm,which have been to see on all Magirus vehicles made, excluded some war years, in which the round Kloeckner Deutz mark had been used.
The first truck with the name Magirus was built in September 1916. It was a 3 tonner, with a 4 cylinders engine of 6082 cm3, which carried 40 HP out at 1100 rpm.
1927 were introduced the Magirus Deutz 3 CV 135. It was with 7.63 L engine, with 65 HP. Total weight on 6 tons.
The first Diesel-engined truck came in December 1932.
In Ulm was during the years 1940-1944 built the 3 Tonner S and A330, To live
up to the regulation for type standardisation in the
German automotive manufacture, the so-called Schell
Program, it was named S/A 3000.
S was meanig Strasse (street), A was meaning Allradantrieb
(4WD) As second war trucks
was the 4.5 Tonner GS 145 respectively later S/A4500 for
manufacturing assigned by Magirus. This joint development
of Magirus, Henschel and Sauer was built however only in small numbers of items,
mainly as basis for fire-brigade
superstructures. Starting from 1942 civil activities was minimized, to get a large
extend on the half chain trucks S3000/SSM and the
Raupenschlepper Ost, RSO, wich was a Steyr reproduction, that as RSO/01
with an air-cooled eight-cylinder petrol engine of Steyr,
when RSO/03 was equipped starting from 1944 with one of
Deutz developed air-cooled diesel engine, F4L 514 on 5.3
litres and 65 HP. This engine was used also with the
first postwar vehicle, the Waldschlepper R-S 1500, a
half-track vehicle built of 1946-1947, which was
manufactured in the substantial from remaining parts of
the military models and primary used as a forest tractor.
On the other hand the few trucks of the type S3000 were
still with water-cooled engines.
|In the meantime however a fundamental
modernization of the 3.5 Ton model was needed. A
prototype of 1949 shows already the new cabin and
strongly curved fender, but still the old hood.
1951 came the new
vehicle. It was characterised by a modern driving cab,
with a strongly rounded hood, which was to be opened from
the front and got the name "alligator hood", or
"round nose". Engine and type designation
|I was in my youth a Magirus driver, in a
FL16-230 with trailer, and a FLT22-230 6x4
semi-trailer. I remember Magirus Deutz as very
outstanding vehicles, it was "quality made in
Germany" from the factory in Ulm. Above the
semi-trailer is in Svinesund, on the frontier between
Sweden and Norway.
But, the Deutz engines were very thursty, much more than the competitors equipped with turbo engines.
In the back of wheels on the semitrailer, a tank of 1200 litres is installed, filled up before a journey to Norway and back. Under the first oil crisis there was restrictions, therefore we had to carry along fuel from Denmark for the whole journey. The semi-trailer had only a fuel capacity of 330 litres as standard equipment, a quantity that only reached to Oslo.
Some members of the crew of the company
IVECO Magirus in 1999 founded a society named
Oldtimer-Club Magirus IVECO E.V. with the website www.oldiveco.de
|Historical Magirus Gallery|
|Never give up, the Raupenschlepper Ost(RSO) was independent of roads. 1943 - 1945 Magirus built more than 12500 units of this type.|
|A330 1940 4x4 in military
edition. There was a S edition for road use (Strassenverkehr)
and an A edition for terrain (Allradantrieb)
|S330 1941 in civilian edition with 4200 mm wheel base|
|S4500, 4.5 tons, it was built 1941 - 1943 in about 600 units.|
|SL3000ZL with equipment for wood gas operation.|
|The mule, 1943 - 1945 were built about 1750 of this type.|
|Walsdchlepper RS 1500. a forest tractor.|
|S3000 refuse collector. Details like the divided windshield and the small headlights are caused of the material situation after the war.|
|S 3000 og A 3000. I 1948 came this two models, which are the first civilian vehicles of Magirus, which had air-cooled engines. It was a F4 L514 at 75 HP.|
|S3500. 1949. Trailer triangle in wrong position, should be laid down during solo travel!|
|S3000. Conctrete carrier.|
|S3500, 1950 as public utilities vehicle. The front of the hood was a little diagonally allready.|
|S3500 tank semi-trailer 1950. The Shell AG received 20 vehicles, which was equipped with 125 HP engine F6 L514, otherwise not offered.|
|S3500, 1949, with complete steel driving cab and rounded fenders.|
|S3500, 1951, redesigned, engine F8 L614 with 175 HP|
|S3500 - 1949|
|S3500 - 1951, Magirus first reconstruction after the Second World War.|
|S3500, 1949 and 1951, old and new.|
"alligator hood", and the Veedol girl as front
she was very liked at that time.
|S6500. Prototype of 1958.|
|S3500 and S6500|
|O3500 for furniture transport, built on bus frame, therefore the type designation O (Omnibus).|
|S6500 in this model was
the drivers sleeping area built into the loading space.
Of it the name "Schwalbennest".
|S3500 with structure of Kässbohrer|
|A3500, 1953. With original driving cab.|
|A3500, primary as fire extinguishers built.|
|Mercur AK 1955.|
|A6500. It is clearly to
see the substantial twisting of the hood,
which led to the use of the angular hoods.
|AK3500 Mercur 1957. Hides a big engineunder the broad hood.|
|S4500 first front driven prototype of 1955. No production model.|
|S7500, 1955. with tiltable driving cab. Recognizably from the hinges with the Magirus Logo, also this car remained a prototype.|
|Mercur F class 1957. Was the first front driven series to be built by Magirus.|
|112 F with decoration on the front, those the future development suggest.|
|Saturn 145 FL from 1958.|
|Furniture van with structure from Ackerman, this body was developed for Mercedes Benz|
|Uranus with V12 engine on
250 HP, built for heavy special transportation.
|Jupiter 6x6. In 1959 the prototype came, and it went to 1961 into production. By many years was it of many NATO armys the standard cars.|
|Jupiter 6x6 in military version. In the radiator screen is the recess for fitting the engine for preliminary heating by the exhaust hose of another vehicle.|
|Jupiter 6x6 in civilian version, with an engine F8 L714 of 195 HP|
|S4500, 1957. The front air intake is to be decreased to minimize the noise.|
|Saturn S tanker semitrailer|
|Saturn S 1959.|
|Saturn 6x6 1963, concrete mixer.|
|150D 10, 1956, Long distance vehicle.|
|Sirius, 1956, built for the Deutsche Bundesbahn.|
|Pluto 200F, 1960.|
|Saturn 6x4, 1961. 32 tons weight. With 195 HP engine.|
|Saturn TE 6x4 Transeuropa
1963. The new driving cab generation, type D, this model
was the basis for the series 230FL and 232 FL,
and also the big V10 cylinder 310 FL.
Biggest motor was a V12 with 17 litres capacity and an output of 340 HP.
All were engines without turbo.
|Magirus Deutz 310 FL 6X2, 1970|
© Hans Reckweg